1000 results for “Learning”.
Learning is one of the vital and fundamental elements in the life of a person that leads to growth and development, as it continues from birth till death. This learning process is noticeably witnessed by the individuals through the behavioral change pattern that occurs with the passage of time. In addition, the process commence from the time a person starts his education, matures and develops with their professional life (Kamble, 2007).
An individual encounters numerous people that belong to diverse backgrounds and experiences all the way though his learning voyage, which may leave an influential impact to great extent on his performances. The impact of others on the individual can be either motivating that would induce the individual to achieve his ambitions with strength or be discouraging which would lead to poor quality in the learning process (Kamble, 2007).
esponse and reactions towards the happenings and activities in the surrounding environment is…
Kamble, S 2007, Psychology of Learning Behaviour, First Edition, Global Vision Publishing Ho, India.
Leonard, DC 2002, Learning Theories, A to Z, First Edition, Greenwood Publishing Group, USA.
Semel, EM, & Rosner, SR 2011, Understanding Williams Syndrome: Behavioral Patterns and Interventions, Second Edition, Taylor & Francis, UK.
Learning and Assessment Basics
In a regular education classroom, eighth grade learners can be difficult to work with. That is largely because they are starting to develop more than they have in the past - not just physically, but mentally and emotionally, as well. With that in mind, teachers who work with eighth grade learners must be aware of what these students want and need in their learning experience (Pellegrino, Chudowsky, & Glaser, 2001). It is certainly the job of the teacher to keep order and ensure that students stay on the right track, but it is also very important to make sure that the students' voices are heard. Too often, teachers focus so much on the material the students need to learn that they fail to notice how the students need to learn (Pashler, et al., 2009).
Not everyone learns in the same way, of course, but there are basic formulas…
Tremblay, E. (2010) Educating the Mobile Generation -- using personal cell phones as audience response systems in post-secondary science teaching. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 29(2), 217 -- 227.
Pashler, H., McDonald, M., Rohrer, D., & Bjork, R. (2009). Learning styles: Concepts and evidence. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 9(3): 105 -- 119.
Pellegrino, J.W., Chudowsky, N., & Glaser, R. (2001) Knowing what students know: The science and design of educational assessment. New York: National Academies Press.
Webb, D.L., Metha, A., & Jordan, K.F. (2010). Foundations of American Education, 6th Ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merill.
Learning: Concepts and Theories
What makes us human? Many would say it is our opposing thumb, but others would posit the fact that we are intelligent thinkers. Our ability to learn from the world around us is what separates us from many of the other creatures in the animal kingdom. We can learn from our experiences in order to create a better world for ourselves. Yet, the concept of how we learn is often still mysterious, even despite generations of fundamental research on the topic. There are a number of theories that present the process of learning as being much different; yet, they all still share some common principles that give us a more detailed idea of how we learn.
If learning a one of our most successful attributes, how can we best define it for proper course of study? Essentially, learning is the training process in which we train our brain…
DeVries, R. (2005). Vygotsky, Piaget, & Education: A Reciprocal Assimilation of Theories and Educational Practices. University of Northern Iowa.
Kaelbling, L.P., Littman, M., L., & Moore, A.W. (1996). Reinforcement learning: A survey. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 4(1996), 237-285.
Rouder, J.N. & Ratcliff, R. (2006). Comparing exemplar -- and rule-based theories of categorization. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(1), 9-13.
Singer, S.J. & Edmondson, A. (2006). When Learning and Performance are at Odds: Confronting the Tension. Harvard University. Web. http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/07-032.pdf
Learning Through Play
How Do Children Learn Through Play? How Does Teacher Intervention Support Or Limit Learning Through Play
BBC Learning. 2012. What is the Early Years Foundation Stage? [Online] Available at: (9 February 2012)
Chomsky, N. 1967. A Review of B.F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior . In L.A. Jakobovits, & M.S. Miron, Readings in the Psychology of Language pp. 142-143. Prentice-Hall.
Hirsh-Pasek, K., & Golinkoff, R. 2009. Playful Learning: The Role of Play in Early Childhood Education Settings. Research Connections. Research Connections.
Pascal, C., & Bertram, T. 1990. The Effective Early Learning Project: The Quality of Adult Engagement in Early Childhood Settings in the UK. Worcester: Centre for Research in Early Childhood.
Learning and Development
Evaluation differs from or relates to: validation, assessment and monitoring in the following ways.
Evaluation in the process of learning and development is a process that is used to study the outcome of the learning process with the aim of informing the design of future learning processes. It can be termed as a comparison between the actual and real expectations from a learning process with the predicted outcome from the same process. The emphasis or evaluation is the need to reflect on what was achieved in the process in comparison with what was expected (Mavin, S. Lee, L. & obson, and F. 2004).
Validation is the process that involves a confirmation that an existing program that is used in the process of learning and development is effective and therefore it can be incorporated or continued to be used. It can be used in some contexts instead of accreditation although validation…
Mulvie, A. (2004). The Evaluation of Learning and Development. Retrieved November 26, 2012 from http://corporatelevation.co.uk/pdf/The%20evaluation%20of%20learning%20and%20development.pdf
Mavin, S. Lee, L. & Robson, F. (2004). The Evaluation of Learning and Development in the Workplace. Retrieved November 26, 2012 from http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/static/5007/hrpdf/hefce/hefce_litreview.pdf
Learning Style Inventory
My results: learning style inventory
When I learned that my predominant learning styles were those of a visual learner and a social learner, I was not surprised. The theory of multiple learning styles of Howard Gardner resonates what I have known intuitively for a long time: different people are innately talented at different things. "Unlike the established understanding of intelligence -- people are born with a uniform cognitive capacity that can be easily measured by short-answer tests," the theory of multiple intelligence suggests that there are different intelligence profiles of which "each person has a unique combination…no two individuals have them in the same exact configuration -- similar to our fingerprints" (Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, 2013, PBS). Of course, it is certainly possible to learn how to do things without an innate talent. For example, even though my strongest talent does not lie in the sphere of…
Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. (2013). PBS. Retrieved from:
Overview of learning styles. (2013). Learning Styles Online. Retrieved from:
Learning a Second Language
Psychological Aspects of Learning
Psychological Aspects of Learning a Second Language
A foreign or second language "L2" can be defined as a language that is studied in such environment where it is not the common language for daily interaction. The reasons for learning second language (L2) vary from person to person because different people learn a second language for different purposes. Some learn it for enjoyment and internal satisfaction that they gain from learning a new language while others may learn for getting an extrinsic reward like promotion or increment in salary. Therefore, people have different motives and goals for leaning a second language, which are the central concepts in learning a second language. however, there are several factors like age, aptitude, anxiety, personality traits, learning strategies and learning styles etc. that play a critical role when learning a second language.
Learning a second or foreign language is a difficult…
Carroll, J.B. (1981). Twenty-five years of research in foreign language aptitude. In K.C. Diller
(Ed.), Individual differences and universals in language learning aptitude (pp. 83-118).
Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Cochrane, R. (1980). The acquisition of r / and / l / by Japanese children and adults learning
Online vs. Traditional Learning
Online learning has become a reality in the past decade and most traditional institutions have come to embrace this method of education. However, arguments remain regarding the effectiveness of online educational opportunities vs. those offered in the more traditional manner. Many possible reasons for this reluctance to fully embrace the technology exist, but the main reason seems to be that people are just not used to this method of education so it is difficult to alter one's perceptions. Those who have been embracing the digital education revolution have suggested that there may be a type of student who will benefit greatly from this type of education due to the way that they learn. This paper looks at learning styles as they correlate to online vs. traditional learning, and also examines the conjecture introduced by some that online learning may foster some traits, such as those required of…
Dagorret, C. (2010). Difference between online education vs. traditional education. Retrieved from http://www.dagorret.net/difference-between-online-education-vs .- traditional-education/
Kennedy, R. (2007). Online v. traditional learning. Retrieved from http://onlinehighereducation.com/articles/196/Online-vs.-Traditional-Learning
Ladkin, D., Case, P., Gaya-Wicks, P., & Kinsella, K. (2009). Developing leaders in cyberspace: The Paradoxical possibilities of online learning. Leadership, 5(2), 192.
Online Education. (2012). Online vs. traditional. Retrieved from http://www.onlineeducation.com/resources/Online-VS-Traditional.php
Learning disabilities in children are sometimes difficult to identify. Children can go years without proper diagnosis. If they are never diagnosed, they can go well into adulthood without knowing anything was wrong, impacting their academic performance and career choices. Therefore it is important to understand what some of these learning disabilities are in order to identify it sooner and assist children once identified, by properly instructing the disabled child to achieve positive results in an academic situation. The learning disabilities researched are: developmental dyslexia, impaired reading comprehension; and mathematical learning disability or dyscalculia.
In a study by Baird, Slonis, Simonoff, & Dworzynski (2011), the authors discovered both the relationship of reading impairment and language impairment (former and present) and whether kids with language impairment, who also possess some degree of reading impairment, demonstrate a disparity impairment in NW from other spoken recollection measures associated with youngsters with language impairment who do…
Baird, G., Slonims, V., Simonoff, E., & Dworzynski, K. (2011). Impairment in non-word repetition: a marker for language impairment or reading impairment?. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 53(8), 711-716.
Galaburda, A.M., LoTurco, J., Ramus, F., Fitch, R.H., & Rosen, G.D. (2006). From Genes To Behavior In Developmental Dyslexia. Nature Neuroscience, 9(10), 1213-1217.
Ramus, F., Marshall, C.R., Rosen, S., & K.J. Van Der Lely. (2013). Phonological deficits in specific language impairment and developmental dyslexia: towards a multidimensional model. Brain, 136(2), 630-645
Price, G.R., & Ansari, D. (2013). Dyscalculia: Characteristics, Causes, and Treatments. Numeracy, 6(1). Retrieved April 3, 2013, from http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1936-4622.214.171.124
Learning and ognition
Learning is defined as a route or process that is a product of a relative consistent change in behavior or behavior potential. Learning takes place only through experience and making responses that will impact his or her environment. Experience can be defined as taking, evaluating, and transforming information. Learning incorporates a response impacted by memory and learned behavior does not become modified simply based on physical maturation or brain progression. However, some permanent behavioral changes facilitate the need for maturational readiness.
There are two types of learning, which are simple non-associative and associative. Habituation and sensitization belong to the former, while classical conditioning makes up the latter. The first reflects a weakened response when a stimulus is repeated over time. Sensitization is the opposite of the aforementioned type of learning, which means as a stimulus is repeated over and over; the response that follows becomes stronger and more efficient.…
Cognition is any mental activity in the representation and processing of knowledge, for example, thinking, remembering, perceiving, and language use. Edward L. Thorndike discovered learning was an association between stimuli in the situation and a response that, for example, an animal learned to make, which was known as the stimulus-response or S-R connection. Learning and cognition share a relationship by that a significant premise in the cognitive view of knowing is the concept of metacognition, which is the capability to contemplate about one's own thinking, so then he or she becomes able to monitor and deal with such thoughts.
The cognitive process and learning are linked by that the former envelops classic conditioning, which stresses incidental learning or learning that was not anticipated. It is important since it involves affective response. For example, in a classroom and learning environment, students' experiences, whether good or bad or embarrassing, are likely to become conditioned to stimuli in their learning setting. As a result, the affective reactions of students are shaped when they are at school.
Cognition plays a role in learning by that classical conditioning is used for behavior training. For example, in a school atmosphere, behavioral conditioning is important in shaping children since the students become familiarized to the incidence of activities where learning will take place. This is particularly important in operant or instrumental conditioning because "instruction depends on being able to reinforce desired responses, which therefore must occur in order for the reinforcements to be provided" (Greeno, 1996). Operant conditioning is learning where the probability of a response is changed by a change in its consequences. Another example is when animals are trained and shaped for a period of time. Trainers tend to the activities of animals in his or her environment and if the goal is to get the animal to operate a certain tool, the following steps are taken. First, reinforcement occurs by placing the animal near the object so he or she can react to it, then the animal will familiarize itself with the tool, and finally a response will be produced. This is known as instruction-by-approximation, which is used in schools and students. Instructors pay attention to the progress students makes in the classroom, and they provide motivation for their pupils to achieve better behavior configurations regarding focus and efforts, which are necessary to succeed. Cognitive development and
Serial learning is a process in which the learner is exposed to series of stimuli; later the learner is asked to recall his memory in the same sequence in which stimuli have been exposed to him (Jensen, 1965). Examples of serial learning include baking a cake, visiting friend's home and driving a car.
Primacy and ecency Effect
According to Mcleod (2008) serial position effect means when people are exposed to series of stimuli; either they recall most of the recent ones (recency effect) or first few stimuli (primacy effect) most likely. The items in the middle are mostly hard for people to recall.
Series of prizes are mentioned for playing a game. We mostly remember the first few prizes giving the most importance to the first few prizes.
Being close to a friend for years and then recently you have a fight with her; will make you change your opinion about…
Cherry, K. (2012). Memory Retrieval. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/cognitivepsychology/a/memory_retrival.htm
Gabriel, M. (1991). Remembering your life before birth. CA: Santa Rosa
Hitti, M. (2005). Emotions make the memory last. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/balance/news/20050131/emotions-make-memory-last
Jensen, E. (1965). The great memory. CA: Crowin Press
LEANING OBJECTIVES Begin learning objectives guide practicum hours, activities undertake achieve objectives.
One of the most essential learning objectives that will guide the completion of my practicum hours is to "Conduct a comprehensive and systematic assessment of health and illness parameters in complex situations, incorporating diverse and culturally sensitive approaches" (American Association, 2006, p. 16). The parameters that I will be assessing will relate specifically to the area of treatment that the patients I service require. For instance, if I work with patients who are sedentary and require turning for their medication and treatment, I will systematically research and then test various theories and factors that are relevant to turning patients (WOCN, 2012). What is of immense importance of this practice of mine is to attempt to vary it as much as possible to account for the individuality of the patient. In the aforementioned example, for instance, this would require researching…
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2006). The essentials of doctoral education for advanced nursing practice. www.aacn.nche.edu. Retrieved from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/position/DNPEssentials.pdf
Wound, Ostomy & Continence Nurses Society. (2012). Patient turning and repositioning: current methods & challenges, a WOCN perspective. www.sageproducts.com. Retrieved from http://www.sageproducts.com/documents/pdf/education/studies_articles/sacral/WOCN%20White%20Paper_Aug2012.pdf
Youngblut, J.M. Brooten, D. (2001). Evidence-based nursing practice: why is it important? AACN Clinical Issues. 12(4), 468-476.
Critical thinking input: Good teachers that truly understand how distracted today's young people are (with technology, etc.) learn how to get the most out of students by combining proven strategies of engagement with scholarship challenges that are both entertaining and compelling to their active minds.
Historical views of transfer. hen something is said to you and it reminds you (without you having to conjure up memories) instantly of something from the past. You transfer, or project your feelings to that moment in the past, or that person in the past. Dr. Michael Conner (psychologist) explains that transference responses are caused "by unmet emotional needs, neglect, seductions and other abuses that transpired when you were a child" (Conner, 2009). Perhaps a loved one was seriously injured or killed and the sound of the first responder's emergency vehicle arriving stays in the back of the mind; years later when that person hears…
American Psychological Association. (2007). Learner-Centered Psychological
Principles. Retrieved Nov. 30, 2009, from http://www.apa.org/ed/lcp2/lcp14.html.
Baumeister, Roy F., and Vohs, Kathleen D. (2004). Handbook of Self-Regulation:
Research, Theory, and Applications. New York: Guilford Press.
Toyota has specifically created the TPS to break down the organizational barriers between suppliers and create a more effective approach at managing knowledge workflows between suppliers and also with Toyota itself. To accomplish this, Toyota actually works with suppliers to re-engineer their internal learning processes, making available a system integration team that is responsible for creating the necessary process integration links within and between suppliers (Dyer, Nobeoka 2000). This integration of processes within suppliers and just Toyota itself can take up to a year or longer, and when overlaid to the broader supplier network, it can take easily up to eighteen months to two years. All of this effort and investment made by Toyota however is focused on transforming knowledge of processes and quality standards into a competitive advantage. Toyota is unique in that it's open nurturing of suppliers and the continual investment in cross-supplier collaboration (Amasaka, Sakai, 2009).…
Amasaka, K., and H. Sakai 2009. TPS-QAS, new production quality management model: key to New JIT - Toyota's global production strategy. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management 18, no. 4, (December 1): 409.
JT Black. 2007. Design rules for implementing the Toyota Production System. International Journal of Production Research 45, no. 16,
(August 1): 3639.
Jeffrey H. Dyer and Kentaro Nobeoka. 2000. Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks 21, no. 3,
Chance tries to explain the key differences in Pavlovian procedures by stating that "the most important difference is that Pavlovian conditioning involves pairing stimuli (the CS and U.S.) while operant learning involves pairing responses and stimuli." (pg 111) the average reader is likely not to readily discern the difference that easily.
Turning back to the section on Pavlovian conditioning is imperative at this point in the book and therefore another reading may be in order. The reader who does so reinforces (there is that word again) the learning behavior that Thorndike and Skinner both professed. However, Pavlov may have classified such an action as a conditional reflex as compared to an unconditional reflex. Chance states that Pavlov was instrumental in discovering and naming these two reflexes and the stimulus and responses that are paired with them.
Pavlov discovered that an unconditional reflex was a reflex that every individual was born with…
Businesses are now pushing more so than ever before for schools and educators to adopt a community or learning community based approach to student education, in the hopes students will graduate with more applicable skill sets they can apply to the immediate global workplace.
Where did they originate?
Learning communities originated from "theory-drive evaluation" research focusing on school reform initiated by education policy specialists (Felner, et al., 1997:520). The idea was to create a central idea that would link students, educators, families, communities and businesses with each other so that information sharing and exchange networks could be created. The purposes of these networks was to prepare students for the future. The theory underlying this was one that established how important it was to understand the context in which children grow, develop and actively participate as members of society (Felner, et al., 1997). These ideas begin originated as early as the early…
Alliance for Service Learning in Education Reform. (1993, Sep). Standards for quality school-based service learning. Equity and Excellence in Education, 26(2): 71-73.
Bielaczyc, K. & Collins, a. (1999). Learning communities in classrooms: A reconceptualization of educational practice," Instructional-Design Theories and Models: A New Paradigm of Instructional Theory, Vol. II, Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bucknam, R., & Brand, S. (1983, Mar). EBCE really works: A meta-analysis on experience-based career education. Educational Leadership, 40(6):66-71
Dede, C. (2003). No cliche left behind: Why educational policy is not like the movies,
Almost everyone has experienced a child who struggles with school, children who dread reading out loud, unable to properly writing essays or tackling math problems. Every child might have trouble with their homework one time or another but if there is a certain area of learning that appears to e consistently problematic then it might be an indication of a learning disorder. Once one understands all they can about learning disorders they can ensure that their child gets the right help so that they can overcome some of the challenges in class and succeed in life. The paper will look at some of the learning disorders that are known, some of the signs and symptoms of learning disorders that parents and teachers should look out for the process of diagnosis and testing for learning disorders and finally getting help for children that have learning disorders.
Types of learning disorders
Gina M.A., Melinda, M.A., & Jeanne, S. (2013). Learning Disabilities & Disorders. Retrieved October 9, 2013 from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/learning_disabilities.htm the national centre for learning disabilities.(2013).Learning disabilities. Retrieved October 9,2013 from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disailities/what-is-Id/what-are-learning-disabilities
KidsHealth.(2013).Learning Disabilities. Retrieved October 9,2013 from http://m.kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/learning/learning_disabilities.html
MedlinePlus.(2013).learning disorders. Retrieved October 9,2013 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/learningdisorders.html
The reinforcement is positive if it results in strengthening the response, or negative when its removal strengthens the response. The reinforcer must immediately and directly follow the response and be appropriate. Varying the schedule of reinforcement makes it more effective; either changing the time interval between reinforcements or the number of correct responses needed for reinforcement to be offered. Punishment on the other hand is an undesirable or painful consequence of a response and will usually lead to suppression of the behavior. According to Bouton and Moody (2004) conditioning is not necessarily such a simple process of learning and that the quality and length of duration of the conditioned stimulus can influence the type of behavioral response that results. They also emphasize the importance of distinguishing between "learning the hypothetical psychological and physical changes in the brain, from performance, the manifestation of that change in behavior" (p. 663).
Alexander, Patricia, Schallert, Diane & Reynolds, Ralph. "What is Learning Anyway? A
Topographical perspective Considered." Educational Psychologist 44 (3) 2009: 176-
Bouton, Mark & Moody, Erik. "Memory processes in Classical Conditioning."
Neuroscience and Biochemical Reviews 28 (2004): 663-674.
Learning and Psychology
Learning is acquiring a new concept, information or knowledge that adds to the individual's mental map of realities and perceptions. This new concept, information, or knowledge is almost always translated into action or manifested through new or developed behavior. Learning and psychology are linked together because both fields study the individual mind, and how the mind incites behavior or action within the individual. In the study of learning, psychology is critical in understanding how human minds acquire information and translate them into actions or behavior. Through psychology, processes involved when the human mind is "learning" can be analyzed and interpreted through different perspectives: neuro-biological, socio-cultural, behavioral, or constructivist.
The above-mentioned perspectives are known as the broad approaches to understanding learning in the context of psychology. These approaches or perspectives provide researchers and practitioners of psychology to understand a specific psychological phenomenon, such as learning. Learning in the psychological context…
Learning and Cognitive Critique
In modern day learning, it is important to integrate creative approaches in order to minimize mental redundancy among learners. At any given time, the human brain utilizes less than ten percent of its total capacity. This explains the powerful ability of the human brain to carry out complex information processes in short periods. This study presents the necessity of having a hybrid approach in responding to intellectual learning requirements as identified in the previous modified behavior approach. The study also provides a parallel theory -- Piaget cognitive development -- in order to support the practicability of the behaviorism theory. It is evident that the cognitive development theory overrides the rapid behavior theory in various instances. The application of the Intel-Hybridism theory is useful in very demanding learning conditions that require the appropriate application of cognition.
Modified behaviorist approach
The previous research focused on the strengths and issues of Skinner's…
Deubel, P. (2003). An investigation of behaviorist and cognitive approaches to instructional multimedia design. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 12(1), 63-90.
Guavain, M. (2007). The Social Context of Cognitive Development. New York: Guilford Press
Shaffer, D., & Kipp, K. (2013). Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence. New Cengage Learning
Skinner, B.F. (2011). About Behaviorism. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
It is said in the theories of teaching that the process of teaching has to focus on the perceptive processes of the mind and this is called the Gestalt theory. The word gestalt can be roughly translated into English as placed, put together or formed or shaped. The theories of Gestalt say that the whole is always greater than the parts, and this means that the total item like a picture or a car has a totally different meaning than the parts that went into making it and those may have been paint, canvas, brush for one and tire paint or metal for the other. Thus when the entire group is put together, the mind also jumps from thinking of the separate parts to the total item. The groupings of different items take place due to their proximity to each other, in similarity when the products bear some resemblance to…
Boulay, Benedict du; Luckin, Rosemary. "Modeling Human Teaching Tactics and Strategies for Tutoring Systems" Retrieved from http://www.informatics.sussex.ac.uk/users/bend/papers/ijaiedteachers.pdf Accessed on 1 June, 2005
'Code of Ethics" Retrieved from http://www.aaeteachers.org/code-ethics.shtml Accessed on 1 June, 2005
Dabbagh, Nada. (March 8, 1999) "Gestalt and Instructional Design" Retrieved from http://chd.gse.gmu.edu/immersion/knowledgebase/strategies/cognitivism/gestalt/gestalt.htm Accessed on 1 June, 2005
My major motivation to pursue my college degree is my personal growth and development goals. Since childhood, I have always desired to excel in my career and help in changing the lives of others. I believe that pursuing a college degree is a critical step towards realizing this life-long dream. I am also motivated by my family, which has always supported me and challenged me to the best I can be in my professional career.
My purpose in seeking a college degree is to enhance my abilities in shaping the lives of others. I am interested in becoming an early childhood educator who will help shape the lives of young children through teaching. I believe that this college degree will provide me the necessary knowledge and skills for success as an early childhood educator. My professional career as an educator will enable me to make positive impacts on the…
Abdelsayed, L. M., Bustrum, J. M., Tisdale, T. C., Reimer, K. S., & Camp, C. A. (2013). The impact of personality on God image, religious coping, and religious motivation among Coptic Orthodox priests. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16(2), 155-172. doi:10.1080/13674676.2011.652604
The authors of this article show how intrinsic motivation is linked to personality characteristics among priests in the Coptic Orthodox tradition. Using a sample of 75 Orthodox priests, all of whom are male, the researchers administered the 16 Factor Personality Questionnaire, which has 185 items, for trait assessment. Because of the high reliability and validity of the instrument used, the results of this study can be generalized reasonably well to a broader religious population. In addition to evaluating the relationship between personality and spirituality, the researchers also assessed different traits that might be related to spiritual motivation, which is why this research links to my own. Interestingly, the researchers found…
Wulf, G., & Lewthwaite, R. (2016). Optimizing performance through intrinsic motivation and attention for learning: The OPTIMAL theory of motor learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(5), 1382-1414.
This research focuses exclusively on motor performance, as opposed to the bulk of research consulted that focuses on cognitive or academic outcomes. Because physical activity and motor performance are integral to many professions, it is important for educators to understand the motivational factors that impact student outcomes in physical or motor skills assessments. Variables that have been shown to impact student learning outcomes in motor skills include attitudinal variables and also autonomy, which has also been linked to motivation in cognitive skills training. Therefore, autonomy does seem to be a factor worth exploring in how to increase intrinsic motivation. The researchers also suggest a theory of motor learning known as the Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning (OPTIMAL) theory, which stresses motivational, attentional, and cognitive variables impacting motor learning. Because the authors also offer data from neurological studies that corroborate the results, I intend to incorporate this study into my research.
Summary/synthesis of what I learned
The goal of the probation program is to help offenders to change for the better and to maintain that change. The probation program also works to ensure communities remain safe even while offenders are given a chance to re-integrate. The mission of probation is to ensure public safety through motivating offenders to change and to lead lives that are free of crime. The mission is achieved via the re-integration of offenders back into their communities, monitoring the offenders, supervising and controlling the offenders, and ensuring the offenders are re-entering in positive and safe environments where they can stay crime-free.
Offenders are usually monitored in various ways to ensure they are living crime-free lives and that they are truly reformed. Some of the ways include getting their telephone and mobile contacts for communication, visiting them at home, carrying out urine screens, referring them to substance abuse therapy or…
Annotated Bibliography AssignmentHivner, E. A., Hoke, A. M., Francis, E. B., Hwang, G. W. & Kraschnewski, J. L. (2019). Training Teachers to Implement Physical Activity: Applying Social Cognitive Theory. Health Educational Journal, 78(4), 464-475.The authors use the social cognitive theory to gauge the impact of physical training on teachers. According to the authors, school happens to be an effective setting where students can engage in physical activity. Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program is largely encouraged in schools so as to promote physical activity. Hivner et al. argue that strategies such as classroom-based physical activity can be incorporated in schools so as to increase physical activity. For instance, the authors suggest the inclusion of short fitness exercises during class lessons. The said exercises can be done during different lessons throughout the day, and thus contribute to achievement of the recommended exercise time of sixty minutes per day. From the study, the…
Plan for Shared Learning
The goal of this shared learning plan is to create a culture of continual learning and sustainable, supportive professional development. A professional learning community “provides a context of collegiality, which supports teachers and administrators in improving their practice through learning new curriculum and instructional strategies,” (Morrissey, 2000, p. 3). This plan is aligned with the core mission and vision of the school: to create meaningful and lasting learning experiences that promote the growth and educational attainment of all students. Moreover, the plan supports the school’s philosophy of teacher engagement, which envisions each staff member as contributing fully to the improvement of the entire school. Rather than be based on a strict hierarchy of leadership, the plan for shared learning empowers all teachers to contribute their background, wisdom, knowledge, and ideals.
To improve the capacity of staff to improve teaching and learning, this plan will include conferences, workshops, training,…
Customized Theory of Human Learning and Development
The learning environment is characterized by the use of different theories and beliefs on what makes it the best and how people grow and develop. However, theories used by many education professionals are either not well-informed or clearly articulated. This implies that the development and use of a clearly-articulated and well-informed theory is critical toward enhancing the effectiveness of education professionals with respect to improving student learning, growth and development. As an educator, it is increasingly important to develop a customized learning theory for use within the classroom setting or learning environment. This process requires conducting research and implementing ideas that work best in the learning environment. This paper discusses my customized theory of learning and development based on theoretical perspectives of what is the best education from a Christian viewpoint.
Learning Theory and its Importance
As previously indicated, the modern education setting is characterized by…
Reflection on Class Performance
1. Social Responsibility and the belief that all students can learn
I have demonstrated social responsibility through taking time to learn and understand the various ways in which all students learn. Through this process, I have realized that every individual has the capability to learn and grow in various ways. Even though people are talented or gifted differently, every individual can learn and grow. People learn differently because God has created everyone unique. Therefore, for a teacher to ensure the successful learning of all students, he/she needs to utilize different teaching techniques and styles that accommodate the diverse learning needs and styles of all students. I have also learned how to incorporate my Christian values in the classroom setting and learning process and instilling them in my class.
2. Commitment or work ethic
During this course, I have shown commitment and work ethic through completing all assignments to the best…
Teaching and learning are relatively complex process since they require collaboration between different stakeholders including school administrators, teachers, and students. In this regard, teachers need to develop their knowledge and skills in order to develop suitable teaching strategies and practices. This course has played an important role in my development of knowledge and skills in teaching practice. The course has focused on different aspects of teaching and learning with respect to the development and use of suitable strategies and practices. This paper provides a personal reflection on the various things I have learned in this course, particularly in relation to student motivation and engagement, enhancing the participation of the disengaged learner, and mastery goal and performance goal practices.
Connections Among Motivation, Engagement and Learning
One of the most important aspect toward achievement of desired learning outcomes and improvement of a school’s overall performance is student engagement and motivation. Student engagement and motivation…
Initial Philosophical Reflection on Candidate Learning Outcomes1. How can I continually and deliberately reflect on my practices in light of educational research, professional decisions, and pedagogical approaches?In my practice, I have continually interacted with children with different educational needs that are unique in their ways. Each of these students requires varying attention to ensure that they get equal opportunities as their counterparts. Equity guides my professional work as an educator and also enables me to embrace diversity. As part of professional ethics, I must understand the learners by monitoring their psychological responses and devise favorable solutions for them. Attaining this balance has not been easy. On some occasions, I have made mistakes in handling children with special needs and the learning environment I created for them. However, I am dedicated to working towards attaining the well-being of everyone. One of the ways is by embracing technology to enhance learning.2. How…
School administrators, school district leaders, and education policy analysts all benefit from a firm understanding of research methods and evidence-based practices. As professionals, we will need to continually revisit the foundations of our learning, reinforcing core competencies in research ethics. Given the importance of evidence-based practices, educators need to be competent in research methods, research ethics and applied social science as it pertains to educational policy and practice. This course has therefore been instrumental in preparing me for a future as an education leader and administrator. As I progress through graduate school, I will be called upon to contribute more frequently to professional journals as a researcher and scholar-practitioner. I appreciate the hard work we accomplished on our professional publication manuscript and have also benefitted from the collaborative instructional strategies used to engender a sense of community. Likewise, I look forward to working more closely with my mentors, who continue to…
Assessment of Existing Culture
Just two years into its existence, the high school is doing remarkably well. The school welcomes 1100 students each day. Currently, the school only has the capacity for grades 9 to 11, but grade 12 programming is being developed now. The staff of 45 dedicated full-time teachers is eager to become a part of this new school, which has two assistant principals in addition to the principal at the helm. School counselors, administrative assistants, and other staff round out the human resources. Although there is significant room for improvement, the high school is off to a good start.
Some of the main areas in need of improvement include the lack of vision for a professional learning community or a collaborative learning environment to stimulate personal and professional development. Additionally, administration has created a sense of insecurity and mistrust in the culture by creating too many temporary positions and…
Two of the most influential theorists of education, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, continue to influence educational policy and pedagogical practice. Both of these theorists focus on developmental psychology to underscore their respective theories of learning. A better understanding of Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s contributions to education and child development can help clarify historical continuities and how to promote evidence-based educational practices and policies.
Summary of the Theories
Piaget and Vygotsky were both interested in how children learn, grow, and develop psychologically and socially. Both are constructivists, believing that individuals construct meaning through their lived experiences. Moreover, both Vygotsky and Piaget believed that children learn progressively, building upon prior knowledge in stages of development. However, Vygotsky is known more for sociocultural learning and development, whereas Piaget focused more on the individual. It is not that Piaget ignored the environmental or contextual variables in development and learning so much that he stressed individual or…
>Three Streams of Team LearningThe three streams of team learning include learning curves in operational settings, psychological experiment on team members, and coordination and learning processes in teams (Lapr & Nembhard, 2011). In the 21st century, team learning has proven to be effective because it could be deployed in attempts to leverage knowledge and streamline working operations in organizational settings. Effective learning at the workplace can happen or occur when members are in more than one team. The concept of an individual being in more than one team is termed as cross fertilization across teams and helps in creating connections between one team and the other.Learning curves is the first stream of team learning in an organization. According to Lapr, & Nembhard (2011) an individual only gains experience of a task as they continuously do the task. This stream of learning is realized through the concept of soft repeated adage.…
Bell, B. S., Kozlowski, S. W. & Blawath, S. (2012). Team learning: A theoretical integration and review. https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199928286.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199928286-e-26
Bingham, A. J., Pane, J. F., Steiner, E. D. & Hamilton, L. S. (2018). Ahead of the curve: Implementation challenges in personalized learning school models. Educational Policy, 32(3), 454-489.
Lapré, M. A. & Nembhard, I. M. (2011). Inside the organizational learning curve: Understanding the organizational learning process (Vol. 10). Now Publishers Inc.
Thompson, P. (2012). The relationship between unit cost and cumulative quantity and the evidence for organizational learning-by-doing. Journal of Economic perspectives, 26(3), 203-24.
1. Name and describe impact(s) you have had on students' learning or growth as a result of coursework.Currently, the education industry is going through a very contentious and polarizing period. In many instances, the United States is behind many other developed countries as it relates to the quality of its education, particularly k-12. This has sparked a very vicious debate as pundits are looking to engage in an advanced overhaul of the overall education system. Here, the idea is not to teach to standardized tests but instead to engage with learning proficiencies. Through this shift, the aim is to help develop the critical thinking and innovation skills needs to succeed in the coming economy. Likewise, enrollment in STEM related fields continues to be very low relative to other developing countries such as China and India. For one, the growth of student enrollment in this fields are diminishing. This ultimately has…
1# Is there a different perspective on the authors statement that needs to be offered?Yes, there is a different perspective that can offering related to the authors statement. For one organization need to for first reinforce constant innovation. As the continues to matriculate through the digital transformation, employee learning must translate into organizational learning. It is now not enough for employees to learn a skill, as research has shown that employee skill development may not translate into the organizations benefit (Alonazi, 2021). With the digital transformation currently underway, employees will need to acquire skills that enhance organizational development. This includes skills in science, technology, and other STEM related fields. This is particularly true as many nations are now developing their own technologies to rival that of the United States. China for example, has a very strong collectivistic culture that is predicated on the greater good. Those that stand out are…
1. Alonazi, W. D. (2021). Building learning organizational culture during COVID-19 outbreak: a national study. BMC Health Services Research. Vol 22(422). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-06454-9
2. Andriani, M. (2019). Knowledge management strategy: an organizational development approach. Business Process Management Journal. Vol
3. Bartell, S. M. (2001). Training’s new role in learning organizations. Innovations in Education & Teaching International, 38(4), 354–363. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703290110074551
4. Garvin, D. A., Edmondson, A. C., & Gino, F. (2008). Is yours a learning organization? Harvard Business Review, 86(3), 109-116.
Introduction Problem-solving skills are necessary for every area of life since they are effective both in the business world and in handling personal challenges. These skills can be achieved through practice and often involve some steps that not only improve their effectiveness but the overall sense of accountability. These steps are sequential starting from the definition of the problem and gradually moving towards the selection of the best solution with minimum negative side effects. Therefore, addressing the initial step succntly will be instrumental in guaranteeing the success of the entire process. In particular, the analysis of the child’s school project in this case study raises questions of ethics and morality but ultimately boils down to the use of a six-step approach to producing the most suitable alternative. By understanding the problem innately, it will be possible to ensure the child gains a sense of responsibility for their learning curriculum without external…
Children's Social and Emotional Learning
Social-emotional learning, which is also known as social competence, is a term used to refer to the ability of children to recognize and control emotions, create and maintain positive relationships, solve social issues in a constructive manner, and make responsible decisions. The development of social competence is essential since children express their emotions and behaviors differently in groups. Their expression of emotions and behaviors are influenced by various factors including individual and cultural differences. This implies that the social-emotional learning of children is linked to cultures, relationships, and contexts in which they learn and grow. Therefore, adults have an important role in shaping positive social and emotional development of children. Given the role they play in shaping children’s learning and growth, teachers are critical in the development of social and emotional competence of children.
Teachers can help promote positive social and emotional development of children by applying…
An Educational Media Product for Young Children with LD and ADHD
This media product will be an app for kids ages 6-8 that can be downloaded from Google Play or Apple’s iTunes. It will be a free app that provides a portal to kids learning shows, similar to PBS Kids or YouTube Kids. The product will allow children to watch the shows on a personal device, like a tablet, iPhone, iPad, android, etc., or on a PC or a TV that is connected to the Internet. The product will consist of shows that focus on learning vocabulary but also on dealing with tough situations that kids commonly have to face in this day and age—issues such as divorce, death, sadness, loss, isolation, and trauma. The programs are designed for children with learning disabilities and ADHD.
The demographic for this educational media product is children grades 1-3, ages 6-8. The cognitive/social…
Student motivation and engagement are considered as critical actors toward enhancing learning outcomes and performance. Over the past few decades, numerous efforts have been made in the education sector to enhance student motivation and participation in learning activities and tasks. However, when increasing student engagement, teachers must also find ways to maintain motivation for the profession. While student engagement is critical, teachers’ motivation is also essential toward the achievement of learning goals and objectives. This paper examines ways that can be utilized to enhance teachers’ motivation to teach so that they can continually engage students in learning. Additionally, the paper will discuss the impact of expectancy-value theory on daily and annual instructional practices.
Ways for Improving Teacher Motivation
One of the ways I can utilize to increase motivation to teach so that I can continually engage students in learning is to become autonomous. Even though my role as a teacher implies…
Introduction One of the primary goals of every educational institution is to ensure a positive development in the lives, mentality, and intellectual capacity of its students. This goes beyond just academic rigour and extends to the incorporation of extra-curricular activities, infrastructure, and other such elements that foster a conducive, friendly, and supportive environment for an excellent learning experience (Commodore, Gasman, Conrad, & Nguyen, 2018. pp.1-2). While the academic affairs unit of an educational institution is responsible for the design and execution of curricular activities, the student affairs units have a better idea of the most effective extra-curricular activities and programmes that can enhance the learning experience of students: student affairs units usually consist of student development professionals, and they also work with organizations focused around that goal (Terri, 2013, p. 139). Considering the impact of these two units and their individual responsibilities, as regards the student learning and development experience in…
Force Field Analysis The school’s State Report Card has provided significant insights regarding student achievement in my school. Following an analysis of data presented in the school’s State Report Card, reading is an area of instructional need in my classroom. I currently teach Business-related courses at Downingtown HS East Campus, which has experienced an overall high performance of students over the last few years. The Business-related courses that I teach are designed students prepare to compete in competitions like mock trial, DECA, and other business topic competitions. While most of my students have demonstrated significant interest in pursuing a career in the field of business, they have challenges in reading. Due to reading challenges, the biggest problem in my class is that most of the students who take these courses are lower level or average students and struggle with higher level thinking and development of their idea. This paper focuses on…
Researchers in the field of education have distinguished between two types of goals that are utilized in the modern classroom environment and schools i.e. mastery and performance. Mastery goal orientation tends to lead students toward acquiring new skills and enhancing competence. On the contrary, performance goal orientation tends to lead students to look for positive assessments of the capabilities, to perform better than others, and to consider ability – instead of effort – as the primary determinant of performance. There are significant differences between these two goal orientations, which in turn influence learning outcomes in the classroom and the overall school. Mastery goal orientation focuses on learning the content/skill and considers mistakes to be learning opportunities. Performance goal orientation, on the other hand, focuses on appearing competent through performing better than others despite the level of achievement and considers mistakes as indicators of lack of confidence (Svinicki, 2005).
Based on analysis…
D5 - Assessment
Students in the modern school setting learn differently because of differences in their individual capabilities, learning styles, and learning needs. Given the differences in learning, different approaches for assessment are necessary to accommodate the numerous ways with which students learn (Stears & Gopal, 2010). Despite recognition of the need for different assessment approaches, different opinions exist regarding traditional and alternative approaches for student assessment. Some experts argue that traditional assessment approaches tend to be more objective and reliable in comparison to alternative assessments. However, other experts contend that are more closely linked to real-world application. On the other hand, there are suggestions that both traditional and alternative assessments are required to create a balanced assessment system.
In my view, traditional assessment is a term used to refer to conventional approaches for evaluating students’ progress in learning. In this case, various kinds of assessments are used to evaluate students’ receptive…
Reflection on School-wide Literacy
This course on education has provided me with significant insights regarding teaching and learning in the classroom environment. One of the major insights I have obtained from this course relates to strengthening student literacy. An important aspect of enhancing student achievement and improving graduation rates at a school is strengthening student literacy (Irvin, Meltzer & Dukes, 2007). This essentially means that students’ literacy skills have huge impact on their achievement as well as a school’s graduation rates. This paper provides a reflection of what I have learned in this course on student literacy as an important factor in promoting and enhancing student achievement. The reflection covers various issues including how the course has modified my self-knowledge, observation of the school’s literacy program, and the role of collaboration, technology and instructional leaders in enhancing school-wide literacy.
Impact of the Course on my Self-knowledge
As part of learning about school literacy…
Cost reduction in redesign and learner satisfaction
Training initiatives prove vital to educating partners with regard to a fresh client base and the features of new products. Educational programs are popular, rendering it essential to have in place more accessible and efficient training processes. Autodesk historically held a couple of training events a year, targeted at its Canadian and American partners. Over three- hundred salespersons would be in attendance to learn about the novel client base and the features of new products, whilst over seven- hundred engineers attended to learn more about product support (Noe, 2017). Unquestionably, a broad array of clients demand training services and products.
Training service expenses were undergoing exponential growth, with cost value analysis not favoring conventional training techniques. The exorbitant associated expenditure, logistics support and planning demands linked to these yearly training events called for a redesign in the training program by the company. Novel techniques needed…
Introduction Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) usually have a difficulty relating socially to others. The social difficulties they face are among the major symptoms of ASD. Persons with ASD who do not show considerable language or cognitive delays e.g. individuals diagnosed with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome, usually make significant progress when put through certain interventions. Significant progress to the extent that they improve in terms of communication. However, even with interventions, social difficulties usually remain and may sometimes end up impacting the vocational or academic success of such individuals later in life. Even individuals with autism who have higher or average intelligence usually find it difficult to overcome social difficulties and to communicate in a manner that observes all the unwritten rules of conversation and social interactions (Radley, O’Handley & Sabey, 2017). For example, an individual diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders may not always say the right thing…
Literacy Research Summary
School-wide literacy program is established to help improve student achievement and enhance the rates of graduation at the school. Based on the survey on the school’s literacy program and infrastructure, the greatest area of need in the school’s literacy program is a comprehensive, coordinated framework for the involvement of various stakeholders in promoting student achievement. There is lack of collaboration between different stakeholders toward strengthening student literacy. Lewis-Spector & Jay (2011) states that shared leadership among stakeholders within and outside the school environment is critical towards strengthening student literacy. The school needs to create a framework with which teachers, administrators, parents, and community volunteers will actively engage in the literacy program. This paper provides an analysis of different studies conducted on this area of literacy need and measures that can be undertaken by the school to address it.
Review of Studies
The involvement of different stakeholders within and outside the…
The Tennessee Value-Added Assessment System (TVAAS) allows teachers to evaluate students relative to their peers as well as to the student’s own academic growth year over year. This system is helpful because it provides context for where all the students at a particular grade level are and it also provides context for where the individual student is in terms of personal development. What I like about the TVAAS is that it recognizes that one test or assessment should not be used to determine where kids are at in terms of their academic level. What I do not like about this assessment is that still compares students to one another to determine where students are at in relation to their peers. I do not feel that this is a good method of determining value in terms of where a student is academically speaking. It is a method used for ranking students…
Summary of the Article In this article “Parents Using Explicit Reading Instruction with Their Children At-Risk for Reading Difficulties”, Bethany M. McConnell and Rick Kubina explains how parents plays a role in teaching their child or children how to read. The article talks about an experiment that was conducted, which was a reading program called Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons (TYCTR). The reading program was used on children with different disability and below grade level. The program basically involved the help of the parents teaching the kids at home. The study was conducted on the premise that more than six million students are eligible for special education services in the U.S. due to their difficulties in learning how to read and write. However, children who cannot read and write tend to have poor outcomes including less chances of graduating from high school despite the increased focus on…
Many of those having autism do not perceive the condition as a problem at all. According to Breakey (2014), this is true even amongst those who have internalized autism, and have better understanding of the condition. As the author further points out, many autistic students have in the past told her in no uncertain terms that “they do not have problems; other people seem to have problems with them” (Breakey, 2014). I am in agreement with the author to the effect that I could conclude that autism is perhaps not the problem – how we relate with those who have the condition, as well as the environment we set them up in is actually the problem. This is more so the case given that those with autism at this level of education receive instruction in a general education setting.
In what ways can you apply the content to your direct instruction?
The first answer that has always come to mind when asked why I chose teaching is ‘to positively impact the lives of as many people as I possibly can.’ I believe that we all have roles to play in seeking to positively influence the society in which we live in. This is a personal objective I would desire to actively pursue in my teaching role. Thanks to the close relationships educators forge with learners in the course of instruction, educators occupy a strategic position as far as influencing the academic achievements of students as well as their behaviors and outlook about life is concerned. It is for this reason that I am convinced that teaching offers me a perfect platform to advance my agenda of ‘positively impacting the lives of as many people as I possibly can.’ As a matter of fact, my educational philosophy rating and supervisory belief are…
Training and DevelopmentA two-day training program for a group of 20 employees might include instruction to address identified needs. These needs can be determined through a Training Needs Analysis (TNA). By considering factors such as previously completed training and future organizational requirements, it is possible to create an overview of the skills or knowledge required for effective job performance (Pappas, 2022). Having gathered this data, a trainer can then design a fitting training program that takes into account each employee's needs while meeting the overall objectives of the organization. For example, an instruction session on proper communication techniques could be run within the given two days. This is necessary to ensure that employees have better understanding of proper etiquette when dealing with clients or customers, further aiding in the growth of the business.Conducting a TNA for a group of 20 employees is a necessary step before beginning any training program.…
Hawkins, M. (2022). Virtual Employee Training and Skill Development, Workplace Technologies, and Deep Learning Computer Vision Algorithms in the Immersive Metaverse Environment. Psychosociological Issues in Human Resource Management, 10(1).
Latif, K. F., Jan, S., & Shaheen, N. (2013). Association of Training Satisfaction with Employee Development aspect of Job Satisfaction. Journal of managerial sciences, 7(1).
Pappas, C. (2022). 7 Ways To Choose A Training Needs Analysis Company In Your Niche. HR.com.
Persuasive Essay: Why You Should Pay Your Children for Good GradesShow me the money. Money is motivational. Although it is not the only motivational tool used upon employees, it is difficult to discount the fact that money is an important reason that people go to work every day. Without a regularly paid salary, few adults would continue to perform their jobs, at least not consistently, day in and day out, at a high level. This includes teachers. Yet children are expected to be equally as motivated as salaried adults when they go to school every day.Children are often told to think of school as their job, and the use of money as a reward can underline this, providing motivation to do more than the minimum. The rationale is that the school is simply shortening the time between school performance and pay-off that has always existed (Pay for grades, 2008, p.2).…
14 pros and cons of getting paid for good grades. (2019). ConnectUs. Retrieved from: https://connectusfund.org/14-pros-and-cons-of-getting-paid-for-good-grades-should-students-get-paid
Khalfani-Cox, L. (2014). Here’s why I pay my kids for good grades. The Money Coach. Retrieved from: https://askthemoneycoach.com/pay-kids-good-grades/
Pay for grades. (2008). Education Partnerships, Inc. Retrieved from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED539172.pdf
Robinson, E. (2016). Should we pay students for good grades. Chicago Booth Review. Retrieved from: https://review.chicagobooth.edu/economics/2016/article/should-we-pay-students-good-grades
Strategy Implementation and Post: Repetition, Assessment, and Differences across Grade Levels
One size does not fit all when it comes to teaching. I attempted to show this by implementing some of the strategies from chapter 7. What I attempted to do was use repetition to drive home the main point of words again and again. I would repeat words that the students were learning all class and all week, to the point where the students would make sounds of annoyance to hear me use the words again. (It was all done in good fun, however. Some of the students would even catch themselves using the words we were trying to learn—and they would exclaim loudly and cover their mouths with their hands when they did it, acting upset that they were now using the words as much as I was).
But then that was the point. As Block, Gambrell and Pressley (2002)…
My name is XYZ, and I proposed and led a group meeting about discussing “the importance of social skills in children and its effect on their academic performance.” The meeting was conducted on 4th August 2021 for one hour after school hours in one of the empty classrooms. The number of participants was three, other than me. There was no co-leader present in the group meeting.
The group’s purpose was to discuss the role of children’s social skills and how they influence their academic performance. My role was to initiate the meeting and lead it, and for that, I had collected points for providing input in the meeting. My prior role was only to participate and speak on the topic when it would be my turn; however, the role changed when the other participants felt the need for a leader. Everyone gave their votes, and it was decided in the end,…
A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt from a machine while the others learnt from a human participant. It was evident that the use of a ghost machine yielded better results compared to the use of a participant (Nairne, 2011).
The method used to learn how observational learning influences children will be the use of questionnaires. Short questionnaires will be sent to twenty baby care centers to evaluate the observational learning skills possessed by the caregivers. The questionnaires will be filled by the participants using three main methods. Centers that are a long distance from researcher's location will be provided with the questionnaires through emails. Centers where the care giver is busy will be called when convenient and the questionnaire filled through a telephone conversation. Centers that are near…
Mishra, B.K. (2008). Psychology; the study of human behavior. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Nairne, J.S. (2011). Psychology. Australia: Thompson/Wadsworth.
Learning Outside the Classroom
Can One Really be Popular by eing Honest?
I got my first summer job at the swimming pool, giving away samples of a new chlorine-repellent shampoo to the visitors, who mostly were young and enthusiastic - but fussy and critical when the talk came to money matters.
Going home thirsty and exhausted, I felt thankful to find a bottle of berry juice to drink while resting on the couch. That was where I found Van Fleet's "Conversational Power: The Key to Success With People" that my father's colleague left on the cushions.
Here is the interesting part. Van Fleet (1973) said, "Perfection increase the tense of the conversation; nobody would find it comfortable speaking with someone who knows everything (someone who is ready to reflect their "intelligence" to the crowd." He said that it was not the way if someone wants to be popular.
I agree absolutely. In fact, I enjoyed…
Clark, Tim. "Bluff Your Way Through Any Conversation." Reader's Digest. Vol. 67 No. 402. Sep 1996. pp. 60-64.
Van Fleet, James K. Conversational Power: The Key to Success With People. Prentice Hall, 1984.
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense because I enjoy analyzing people and situations; and, I decided to leave my old job because I was bored sitting still behind a desk and not talking to anyone for most of the day.
As I was enjoying the surveys so much, also I took Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory and discovered that my learning style consists of doing and feeling or what Kolb would abbreviate as "CE/AE." When these findings are placed on the two-by-two grid by Kolb, my learning style is accommodating. An accommodating learning style is often times referred to as a "hands-on" style and one that relies upon intuition over logic. In fact, these findings also did not surprise me because I have to do something at least two…
Codde, PhD, J.R. (2006). Using Learning Contracts in the College Classroom. Michigan State University.
According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.
The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study of diverse…
Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple intelligences. Retrieved online: http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.php
Dartmouth College Academic Skills Center (2011). Managing your time. Retrieved online: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/time.html
Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons. Perseus.
Langer, J.A. (1986). Learning through writing: Study skills in the content areas. Journal of Reading. Feb 1986.
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Learning and Cognitive Critique In modern day learning, it is important to integrate creative approaches in order to minimize mental redundancy among learners. At any given time, the human brain…Read Full Paper ❯
Learning It is said in the theories of teaching that the process of teaching has to focus on the perceptive processes of the mind and this is called the Gestalt…Read Full Paper ❯
My Motivation My major motivation to pursue my college degree is my personal growth and development goals. Since childhood, I have always desired to excel in my career and help…Read Full Paper ❯
Abdelsayed, L. M., Bustrum, J. M., Tisdale, T. C., Reimer, K. S., & Camp, C. A. (2013). The impact of personality on God image, religious coping, and religious motivation…Read Full Paper ❯
Summary/synthesis of what I learned The goal of the probation program is to help offenders to change for the better and to maintain that change. The probation program also works…Read Full Paper ❯
Annotated Bibliography AssignmentHivner, E. A., Hoke, A. M., Francis, E. B., Hwang, G. W. & Kraschnewski, J. L. (2019). Training Teachers to Implement Physical Activity: Applying Social Cognitive Theory.…Read Full Paper ❯
Plan for Shared Learning The goal of this shared learning plan is to create a culture of continual learning and sustainable, supportive professional development. A professional learning community “provides a…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Special Education
Customized Theory of Human Learning and Development The learning environment is characterized by the use of different theories and beliefs on what makes it the best and how people grow…Read Full Paper ❯
Reflection on Class Performance 1. Social Responsibility and the belief that all students can learn I have demonstrated social responsibility through taking time to learn and understand the various ways in…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Curriculum
Teaching and learning are relatively complex process since they require collaboration between different stakeholders including school administrators, teachers, and students. In this regard, teachers need to develop their knowledge…Read Full Paper ❯
Initial Philosophical Reflection on Candidate Learning Outcomes1. How can I continually and deliberately reflect on my practices in light of educational research, professional decisions, and pedagogical approaches?In my practice,…Read Full Paper ❯
School administrators, school district leaders, and education policy analysts all benefit from a firm understanding of research methods and evidence-based practices. As professionals, we will need to continually revisit…Read Full Paper ❯
Assessment of Existing Culture Just two years into its existence, the high school is doing remarkably well. The school welcomes 1100 students each day. Currently, the school only has the…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction Two of the most influential theorists of education, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, continue to influence educational policy and pedagogical practice. Both of these theorists focus on developmental psychology…Read Full Paper ❯
>Three Streams of Team LearningThe three streams of team learning include learning curves in operational settings, psychological experiment on team members, and coordination and learning processes in teams (Lapr…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Classroom Mgmt.
1. Name and describe impact(s) you have had on students' learning or growth as a result of coursework.Currently, the education industry is going through a very contentious and polarizing…Read Full Paper ❯
1# Is there a different perspective on the authors statement that needs to be offered?Yes, there is a different perspective that can offering related to the authors statement. For…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction Problem-solving skills are necessary for every area of life since they are effective both in the business world and in handling personal challenges. These skills can be achieved through…Read Full Paper ❯
Children's Social and Emotional Learning Social-emotional learning, which is also known as social competence, is a term used to refer to the ability of children to recognize and control emotions,…Read Full Paper ❯
An Educational Media Product for Young Children with LD and ADHD Product Overview This media product will be an app for kids ages 6-8 that can be downloaded from Google Play…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Curriculum
Teachers’ Motivation Student motivation and engagement are considered as critical actors toward enhancing learning outcomes and performance. Over the past few decades, numerous efforts have been made in the education…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction One of the primary goals of every educational institution is to ensure a positive development in the lives, mentality, and intellectual capacity of its students. This goes beyond just…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Theory
Force Field Analysis The school’s State Report Card has provided significant insights regarding student achievement in my school. Following an analysis of data presented in the school’s State Report Card,…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Curriculum
Researchers in the field of education have distinguished between two types of goals that are utilized in the modern classroom environment and schools i.e. mastery and performance. Mastery goal…Read Full Paper ❯
D5 - Assessment Students in the modern school setting learn differently because of differences in their individual capabilities, learning styles, and learning needs. Given the differences in learning, different approaches…Read Full Paper ❯
Reflection on School-wide Literacy This course on education has provided me with significant insights regarding teaching and learning in the classroom environment. One of the major insights I have obtained…Read Full Paper ❯
Cost reduction in redesign and learner satisfaction Training initiatives prove vital to educating partners with regard to a fresh client base and the features of new products. Educational programs are…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) usually have a difficulty relating socially to others. The social difficulties they face are among the major symptoms of ASD. Persons with ASD…Read Full Paper ❯
Literacy Research Summary School-wide literacy program is established to help improve student achievement and enhance the rates of graduation at the school. Based on the survey on the school’s literacy…Read Full Paper ❯
The Tennessee Value-Added Assessment System (TVAAS) allows teachers to evaluate students relative to their peers as well as to the student’s own academic growth year over year. This system…Read Full Paper ❯
Summary of the Article In this article “Parents Using Explicit Reading Instruction with Their Children At-Risk for Reading Difficulties”, Bethany M. McConnell and Rick Kubina explains how parents plays a…Read Full Paper ❯
Teaching - Classroom Mgmt.
Discussion Many of those having autism do not perceive the condition as a problem at all. According to Breakey (2014), this is true even amongst those who have internalized autism,…Read Full Paper ❯
The first answer that has always come to mind when asked why I chose teaching is ‘to positively impact the lives of as many people as I possibly can.’…Read Full Paper ❯
Training and DevelopmentA two-day training program for a group of 20 employees might include instruction to address identified needs. These needs can be determined through a Training Needs Analysis…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Social Issues
Persuasive Essay: Why You Should Pay Your Children for Good GradesShow me the money. Money is motivational. Although it is not the only motivational tool used upon employees, it…Read Full Paper ❯
Strategy Implementation and Post: Repetition, Assessment, and Differences across Grade Levels One size does not fit all when it comes to teaching. I attempted to show this by implementing some…Read Full Paper ❯
Introduction My name is XYZ, and I proposed and led a group meeting about discussing “the importance of social skills in children and its effect on their academic performance.” The…Read Full Paper ❯
A child can learn that pressing a button on remote changes a channel on a television set. The experiment used two set of participants where one set learnt…Read Full Paper ❯
Learning Outside the Classroom Can One Really be Popular by eing Honest? I got my first summer job at the swimming pool, giving away samples of a new chlorine-repellent shampoo to…Read Full Paper ❯
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense…Read Full Paper ❯
Learning According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in…Read Full Paper ❯